Several female track athletes filed a complaint last year, with respect to transgender athletes who were competing against them. The United States’ Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights, declared that allowing the transgender athletes to participate went against the Title IX rights of the female student-athletes.
What is Title IX?
Title IX is from the Educational Amendments Act of 1972 says “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”
Title IX applies to all educational institutions, public and private. Because athletics is considered to be an educational activity, Title IX applies to athletics as well. In athletics, Title IX protects three main pillars: participation, scholarships, and other benefits.
To learn more about Title IX, click here.
The Case At Hand
Connecticut allows transgender athletes to participate in sports without any restrictions. The U.S. Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights will either initiate steps to block funding to the Connecticut Interscholastic Athletic Conference or refer the case to the U.S. Department of Justice.
The plaintiffs in this case claim that the transgender athletes in question have an advantage because they were born as males. While the two transgender women have been dominant, winning 15 titles since 2017, the plaintiffs have won against them in direct competition before. The two transgender athletes also argued that because they are taking hormone replacement therapies, they are on a similar footing as the other female athletes.
Elsewhere In The U.S.
Meanwhile, in Idaho, lawmakers have banned transgender women from participating in women’s athletics. They are the first state to place such a restriction on transgender athletes. A federal lawsuit has been filed by the American Civil Liberties Union, and Legal Voice, claiming the ban is against the U.S. Constitution.